**Directions:**** **Read the information presented in our GMAT Two-Part Analysis practice test, and then select** two answers** from the choices below.

Question 1 |

Team Legato is competing against Team Forte in a musical duets competition where two members from each team play a song together. Prizes are awarded for first, second, and third place to the three winning duets overall, and not for the three best duets on each individual team. Team Legato has 1/4 as many members as Team Forte.

- From the choices below, identify the number of members on each Team if there are 15 duos competing in total.

4 | |

6 | |

12 | |

14 | |

24 | |

30 |

30 = L + F

We also know that Legato has ¼ as many members as Forte:

4L = F

Let’s substitute and solve:

30 = L + 4L

30 = 5L

6 = L

So there are 6 members on Team Legato, and 24 members on Team Forte.

Question 2 |

Team Legato is competing against Team Forte in a musical duets competition where two members from each team play a song together. Prizes are awarded for first, second, and third place to the three winning duets overall, and not for the three best duets on each individual team. Team Legato has 1/4 as many members as Team Forte.

- Identify the number of possible duos on each team if there are 60 members of Team Forte.

105 | |

370 | |

705 | |

770 | |

1105 | |

1770 |

60! / (60-2)! 2! = 60 x 59 / 2 = 30 x 59 = 1770

15! / (15-2)! 2! = 15 x 14 / 2 = 15 x 7 = 105

Question 3 |

Team Legato is competing against Team Forte in a musical duets competition where two members from each team play a song together. Prizes are awarded for first, second, and third place to the three winning duets overall, and not for the three best duets on each individual team. Team Legato has 1/4 as many members as Team Forte.

- If there are 20 duos competing, identify the closest approximate number of possible different arrangements of medal winners if it is not possible for one team to “sweep” the awards and Team Legato must come in first, and the number of possible different arrangements of medal winners if there are half as many participants.

10,000 | |

100,000 | |

500,000 | |

1 million | |

1.5 million | |

3 million |

5/4y = 40

y = 32

Team Legato will have 8 members, and Team Forte will have 32 members.

We have three places, with six slots each, and we know that one team cannot “sweep,” and also that Team Legato must come in first place. The possible arrangements for team-placement are two:

Team L, Team F, Team L

Team L, Team L, Team F

Now we must consider how many ways we can order people within each placing team. In Outcome 1, we’d have 8 * 7 arrangements for Team Legato in first place, 32 * 31 arrangements for Team Forte in second place, and 6 *5 arrangements for Team Legato in third place.

8 * 7 * 32 * 31 * 6 * 5 = 1,666,560 possible placements for the individual team members. We must double this number to account for either possible team-placement, so the answer is approximately 3 million.

If there were half as many participants, there would be 20 individuals, so 16 on Team Forte and 4 on Team Legato. In Outcome 1, we’d have 4*3 for 1st place, 16*15 for 2nd place, and 2*1 for 3rd place. The possible arrangements would be 5760 for each outcome, or 11,520 total.

Question 4 |

Clearwater State Bank is offering an introductory 20% interest rate on a new account, which will compound semi-annually for the first two years, then compound 5% annually thereafter. Customer 1 deposits $100 in that account to start. To compete, Clearwater Credit Union is offering a similar offer. Their newest account offers an introductory rate of 15% compounded quarterly for the first year, and a rate of 6% compounded quarterly thereafter. Customer 2 deposits an unknown amount with Clearwater Credit Union. After two years, the customers had an equal amount saved.

- From the choices below, identify the amount Customer 1 will have in Clearwater State Bank after one year, and the amount Customer 1 will have after 21 months if he moves his balance at the end of the first year to Clearwater Credit Union. Make two selections.

121 | |

135 | |

168 | |

186 | |

208 | |

220 |

Question 5 |

Clearwater State Bank is offering an introductory 20% interest rate on a new account, which will compound semi-annually for the first two years, then compound 5% annually thereafter. Customer 1 deposits $100 in that account to start. To compete, Clearwater Credit Union is offering a similar offer. Their newest account offers an introductory rate of 15% compounded quarterly for the first year, and a rate of 6% compounded quarterly thereafter. Customer 2 deposits an unknown amount with Clearwater Credit Union. After two years, the customers had an equal amount saved.

- From the choices below, identify the closest approximate amount the first customer’s investment was worth after four years, and the difference in value of each customer’s investment after four years. Make two selections.

3 | |

30 | |

80 | |

100 | |

130 | |

160 |

*P*is invested at an

*annual interest rate of r percent, compounded n times per year*, then the value

*V*of the investment at the end of

*t*years is given by the formula:

So after two years, the investment will be worth $146.41. That amount is then compounded annually for two more years at the adjusted rate of 5%. This formula becomes

*V*= 146.41(1 + .05)

^{2}. This becomes

*V*= 161.42. Customer 1’s investment is worth approximately $161 after four years, which is closest to 160 in the table.

Customer 2 had an equal amount after two years, so he/she would also have $146.41. Then the interest is compounded quarterly for the next two years at 6%. The formula for this would look like:

That is a difference of 164.93 – 161.42 = 3.51, which is closest to 3.

Question 6 |

Clearwater State Bank is offering an introductory 20% interest rate on a new account, which will compound semi-annually for the first two years, then compound 5% annually thereafter. Customer 1 deposits $100 in that account to start. To compete, Clearwater Credit Union is offering a similar offer. Their newest account offers an introductory rate of 15% compounded quarterly for the first year, and a rate of 6% compounded quarterly thereafter. Customer 2 deposits an unknown amount with Clearwater Credit Union. After two years, the customers had an equal amount saved.

- From the choices below, identify approximately how much extra Customer 1 would earn by keeping his money in Clearwater State Bank for four years versus two years, and also identify the difference in the final balances if he moved his investment to Clearwater Credit Union halfway through the four years. Make two selections.

15 | |

19 | |

111 | |

224 | |

233 | |

458 |

The rate then changes to 5% annually, so after the third year that would be $146.41 * 1.05 = $153.73. And after the fourth year, Customer 1 would have $153.73 * 1.05 = $161.42.

“How much extra” Customer 1 earns is $161.42 − $146.41 = $15

If he moved to the Credit Union after two years, then that would be $146.41 compounded at 15% / 4 = 3.75% four times in the third year, and 6% /4 = 1.5% four times in the fourth year. You could use the formula for compounding interest as follows:

This second option would result in a final amount of $180.05, a difference of $18.63 (approximately $19) when compared with the earlier balance of $161.42.

List |

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